The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The foremost challenges in the upcoming decades will be the increase in population, the concentration of people in expansive urban centers, and globalization, and the expected change of climate. Hence, the main concerns for humans in the future will be energy & resources, food, health, mobility & infrastructure, and communication.
Many devices in medicine and even some artificial organs are constructed with success from synthetic polymers. It is possible that synthetic polymers may play an important role in future pharmacy, too. Polymer science can be applied to save energy and improve renewable energy technologies
Since the plastics industry has witnessed a spectacular growth over the last six decades, the acceleration in consumption rates of plastics has taken place in several phases since World War II.
In areas of applications of plastics materials, a well-known long-standing example is electrical industries where the excellent combination of properties such as insulation characteristics, toughness, durability, flame retardation capacity has led to increasing acceptance of plastics for plugs, sockets, wire, and cable insulations and for housing electrical and electronic equipment.
Beside metals and ceramics, the study of polymers has currently become a cornerstone of material sciences and engineering. Polymers have the capacity to solve most of the world's complex problems like Water purification, energy management, oil extraction and recovery, advanced coatings, myriad biomedical applications, building materials, and electrical applications virtually no field of modern life would be possible without polymeric materials.
A Polymer Material Sciences and Engineering will provide you with a strong basis in the wide range of issues around structural and functional polymers.
This multidisciplinary course is proposed in conjunction with the School of Chemistry allowing you to gain a rich understanding of both traditional commodity plastics and specialty polymers with increasing in the bio medical application and pharmaceutical industry, and in electronics and nanotechnology.
Polymer engineering is an engineering field that designs, analyses, or modifies polymer materials. A Polymer is a large molecule or a macro molecule which essentially is a combination of many subunits.
The term polymer in Greek means ‘many parts. Polymers are all created by the process of polymerization wherein their constituent elements called monomers, are reacted together to form polymer chains i.e., 3-dimensional networks forming the polymer bonds.
Materials of Engineering refers to selecting the correct materials for the application in which the engineered part is being used.
The field of Nanotechnology is one of the most popular areas for current research and development in basically all technical disciplines. This obviously includes polymer Nanotechnology which include microelectronics.
Other areas include polymer-based biomaterials, Nano medicine, Nano emulsion particles; fuel cell electrode polymer bound catalysts, layer-by-layer self-assembled polymer films, electro spun nanofabrication, imprint lithography, polymer blends and Nano composites.
Nanotechnology is not new to polymer science as prior studies before the age of nanotechnology involved Nano scale dimensions but were not specifically referred to as nanotechnology until recently.
Polymer chemistry is combining several specialized fields of expertise. It deals not only with the chemical synthesis, Polymer Structures and chemical properties of polymers which were esteemed by Hermann Staudinger as macromolecules but also covers other aspects of Novel synthetic and polymerization methods, Reactions and chemistry of polymers, properties and characterization of polymers, Synthesis, and application of polymer bio conjugation and Polymer Nano composites and architectures.
According to IUPAC recommendations, macromolecules are considered relevant to the individual molecular chains and are the domain of chemistry. Industrial polymer chemistry has particular attention on the end-use application of products, with a smaller emphasis on applied research and preparation.
Composite material is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components Polymer composites are high-performance composites, framed using 3Dfabric reinforcement and shape memory polymer resin as the matrix.
In consideration of shape memory polymer resin used as the matrix, these composites gain the potential to be easily engineered into variety of configurations when they are heated above their activation temperatures and will exhibit high strength and stiffness at lower temperatures.
Polymer technology has an effective impact in developing advanced polymeric materials which are useful in day-to-day life.
Polymer science has always been research strength from thermoplastics to copolymers, thermosets to interpenetrating polymer networks, specialty polymers to composites and Nano composites.
Through the period of three decades highly developed or complex polymer composites have come into existence as an attractive construction material for new structures and the strengthening/rehabilitation of currently existing buildings and bridges.
In terms of revenue, the global advanced polymer structures market was valued at US$ 7.47 in 2013 and is expected to reach US$ 12.12 by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 7.2% from 2014 to 2020.
Biological macromolecules which are necessary for life include carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins. These are the important cellular components and perform a wide array of functions necessary for the survival and growth of living organisms. These play a critical role in cell structure and function.
Protein polymers are available in large quantities in biology, and a huge variety of distinct filaments can be found and Protein misfolding can be a route to pathological polymerization in diseases from Alzheimer’s to Parkinson’s.
The global biomarkers market is expected to reach US $45.55 Billion by 2020 from $24.10 Billion in 2015, at a CAGR of 13.58% through 2015 and 2020.
Polymer physics is the branch of physics which deals with polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, polymer structures and with the kinetics. Polymer physics encloses the physical properties, structure, and dynamics of polymers (both synthetic and naturally occurring) in various forms including semi-crystalline solids, glasses, elastomers, gels, melts, and solutions. Basic phenomena are of interest in accordance with the applications of polymers in technologies, such as optoelectronics, photovoltaic, coatings, composites, medicine, food and pharmacy and tissue engineering.
Bioplastics are those types of plastics where carbon is derived from renewable feed stocks. They may be biodegradable or may not be. Basically, Bio based plastics are consist of both fossil-fuel-based carbon and renewable.
The percentage of bio-based ingredients are used is over 70 now a days. Plastics materials are utilized overall today for huge number of utilizations. Most of these plastics are gotten from oil and are not biodegradable.
Polymers are a highly diverse class of materials which are available in all fields of engineering from avionics through biomedical applications, drug delivery system, bio-sensor devices, tissue engineering, cosmetics etc. and the improvement and usage of these depends on polymer applications and data obtained through rigorous testing.
The applications of polymeric materials and their composites are still increasing rapidly due to their below average cost and ease of manufacture. This in turn fuels further development in research.
The traditional polymer materials are available today, especially the plastics, which is the result for decades of evolution. Their production is extremely efficient in terms of utilization of raw materials and energy, as well as of waste release.
These products show an excellent property like impermeability to water and microorganisms, high mechanical strength, low density especially for transporting goods, and it is low-cost due to manufacturing scale and process optimization.
Polymers /plastics square measure made by with chemicals linking one or additional “link” chemicals to provide long chains of powerfully connected chemicals known as polymers. They are used for manufacturing consumer merchandise, like coatings, lubricants, goods, aerospace, building materials etc.
The selling strategy sets your selling goals, defines your target markets, and describes. However, you'll act positioning the business to realize advantage over your competitors. The selling combine, who follows from your selling strategy, is however you attain that 'unique commercialism proposition' and deliver advantages to your customers
Polymer’s synthesis determines the molecular structure, and it will help us to avoid side reactions and achieve a worthy product. Polymerization polymers can be of many types. First one is the Chain growth polymerization and second is Step growth polymerization.
In chain growth, polymerization is activated by the activation of neighboring monomers of a monomer. High molecular weight polymers are obtained quickly with a rapid process of chain growth polymerization. On the other hand, in step growth polymerization, bi functional monomers are combined in a systematic approach to build covalent bonds. In this process molecular weight increases slowly and in step wise.
- Low-density polyethylene (LDPE)
- High-density polyethylene (HDPE)
- Polypropylene (PP)
- Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
- Polystyrene (PS)
- Thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU)
Futures of Biopolymers demand the manufacturer for brand spanking new materials is overwhelming. Applications by the utilization of latest materials ought to utilize the properties of these polymers, and additionally the product ought to be developed based on those properties
Synthetic polymers have since associate extend time compete a comparatively vital role in current medicative observations. Polymers occupy an outstanding role during this trendy living. From the toothbrush, lunchboxes, toys, pens etc., a lot of products are being used every day. It is fascinating when we understand the polymers and its utmost functionalities.
- Aqueous dispersed media
- Radical polymerization
- Crosslinked nanoparticle
- Nano capsule
- Hyper branched polymer
Perhaps areas of research advancing the frontiers of drug delivery. Polymers have contended Associate in Nursing integral role among the advancement of drug delivery technology by providing controlled unhitch of therapeutic agents in constant doses over long periods, cyclic quantity, and tunable unhitch of every hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs.
Throughout this review, we've got a bent to spotlight the essential drug delivery systems and their mathematical foundations and discuss the physiological barriers to drug delivery.
“Polymeric biomolecules” or the Biopolymers are polymers fictitious by living organisms. Polynucleotides, Nucleotides and Polypeptides are the 3 main categories of polymers those are known as long polymers.
The difference between biopolymer and synthetic polymer can be founded in Structure. compare to biopolymer synthetic polymer has much simplest structure.
All biopolymers are alike that all of them contain the similar sequences and numbers of monomers and so all have an equivalent mass.
Polymer’s synthesis determines the molecular structure, and it will help us to avoid side reactions and achieve a worthy product. Polymerization polymers can be of many types.
First one is the Chain growth polymerization and second is Step growth polymerization. In chain growth, polymerization is activated by the activation of neighboring monomers of a monomer.
Polymer production desires manufacturing equipment’s that possess an outsized vary of flexibility operational. Reactors are required to be operated at varied temperatures that need a heat transfer fluid system around that's used for each heating and cooling.
This sort of warmth transfer system configuration works best once one fluid will be accustomed effectively transfer heat over the entire temperature vary mere.
Inside the Polymer composites, polymers are used as binders to carry the infused particles and fibers in situ.
Polymers are multifaceted materials. This feature of polymer facilitates the people to manipulate the properties and behavior of the polymers according to the requirement in the application area. This makes possible to provide a way to made polymer as a part in many trending inventions in medical, scientific, bio medical and electronics fields. In all such fields scientist have been combine the molecules of the polymers with other functional substances and produce a new featured polymer with desired features and properties.
Rheology laboratory testing of polymers to determine the rheological (flow) properties of materials, gels, and pastes, to optimize process and properties. Polymer physics testing is that the study of however the strain during a material or force applied is said to deformation and flow of the fabric.
Understanding the rheological properties of polymers through laboratory testing will help to optimize products and process conditions, thereby saving prices and minimizing potential waste.
- Generalized Newtonian fluids
- Limiting low shear viscosity
- Normal stress differences
- Analogy between continuous and oscillatory shear
- Time–temperature–pressure superposition
- Liquid failure
Polymer drug conjugates play a crucial role in the delivery of drugs. In the polymeric drug conjugates, the bioactive agent is combined covalently with chemical the substance to realize the efficient delivery of bioactive agents with in the required or specific period beside the improvement of porosity and retention time.
Plastic packaging for food and non-food applications is non-biodegradable, and additionally uses up valuable and scarce non-renewable resources like fuel.