The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The foremost challenges in the upcoming decades will be the increase in population, the concentration of people in expansive urban centers, and globalization, and the expected change of climate. Hence, the main concerns for humans in the future will be energy & resources, food, health, mobility & infrastructure, and communication.
Many devices in medicine and even some artificial organs are constructed with success from synthetic polymers. It is possible that synthetic polymers may play an important role in future pharmacy, too. Polymer science can be applied to save energy and improve renewable energy technologies
Since the plastics industry has witnessed a spectacular growth over the last six decades, the acceleration in consumption rates of plastics has taken place in several phases since World War II.
In areas of applications of plastics materials, a well-known long-standing example is electrical industries where the excellent combination of properties such as insulation characteristics, toughness, durability, flame retardation capacity has led to increasing acceptance of plastics for plugs, sockets, wire, and cable insulations and for housing electrical and electronic equipment.
Beside metals and ceramics, the study of polymers has currently become a cornerstone of material sciences and engineering. Polymers have the capacity to solve most of the world's complex problems like Water purification, energy management, oil extraction and recovery, advanced coatings, myriad biomedical applications, building materials, and electrical applications virtually no field of modern life would be possible without polymeric materials.
A Polymer Material Sciences and Engineering will provide you with a strong basis in the wide range of issues around structural and functional polymers.
This multidisciplinary course is proposed in conjunction with the School of Chemistry allowing you to gain a rich understanding of both traditional commodity plastics and specialty polymers with increasing in the bio medical application and pharmaceutical industry, and in electronics and nanotechnology.
Polymer engineering is an engineering field that designs, analyses, or modifies polymer materials. A Polymer is a large molecule or a macro molecule which essentially is a combination of many subunits.
The term polymer in Greek means ‘many parts. Polymers are all created by the process of polymerization wherein their constituent elements called monomers, are reacted together to form polymer chains i.e., 3-dimensional networks forming the polymer bonds.
Materials of Engineering refers to selecting the correct materials for the application in which the engineered part is being used.
The field of Nanotechnology is one of the most popular areas for current research and development in basically all technical disciplines. This obviously includes polymer Nanotechnology which include microelectronics.
Other areas include polymer-based biomaterials, Nano medicine, Nano emulsion particles; fuel cell electrode polymer bound catalysts, layer-by-layer self-assembled polymer films, electro spun nanofabrication, imprint lithography, polymer blends and Nano composites.
Nanotechnology is not new to polymer science as prior studies before the age of nanotechnology involved Nano scale dimensions but were not specifically referred to as nanotechnology until recently.
Polymer chemistry is combining several specialized fields of expertise. It deals not only with the chemical synthesis, Polymer Structures and chemical properties of polymers which were esteemed by Hermann Staudinger as macromolecules but also covers other aspects of Novel synthetic and polymerization methods, Reactions and chemistry of polymers, properties and characterization of polymers, Synthesis, and application of polymer bio conjugation and Polymer Nano composites and architectures.
According to IUPAC recommendations, macromolecules are considered relevant to the individual molecular chains and are the domain of chemistry. Industrial polymer chemistry has particular attention on the end-use application of products, with a smaller emphasis on applied research and preparation.
Composite material is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components Polymer composites are high-performance composites, framed using 3Dfabric reinforcement and shape memory polymer resin as the matrix.
In consideration of shape memory polymer resin used as the matrix, these composites gain the potential to be easily engineered into variety of configurations when they are heated above their activation temperatures and will exhibit high strength and stiffness at lower temperatures.
Polymer technology has an effective impact in developing advanced polymeric materials which are useful in day-to-day life.
Polymer science has always been research strength from thermoplastics to copolymers, thermosets to interpenetrating polymer networks, specialty polymers to composites and Nano composites.
Through the period of three decades highly developed or complex polymer composites have come into existence as an attractive construction material for new structures and the strengthening/rehabilitation of currently existing buildings and bridges.
In terms of revenue, the global advanced polymer structures market was valued at US$ 7.47 in 2013 and is expected to reach US$ 12.12 by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 7.2% from 2014 to 2020.
Biological macromolecules which are necessary for life include carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins. These are the important cellular components and perform a wide array of functions necessary for the survival and growth of living organisms. These play a critical role in cell structure and function.
Protein polymers are available in large quantities in biology, and a huge variety of distinct filaments can be found and Protein misfolding can be a route to pathological polymerization in diseases from Alzheimer’s to Parkinson’s.
The global biomarkers market is expected to reach US $45.55 Billion by 2020 from $24.10 Billion in 2015, at a CAGR of 13.58% through 2015 and 2020.
Polymer physics is the branch of physics which deals with polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, polymer structures and with the kinetics. Polymer physics encloses the physical properties, structure, and dynamics of polymers (both synthetic and naturally occurring) in various forms including semi-crystalline solids, glasses, elastomers, gels, melts, and solutions. Basic phenomena are of interest in accordance with the applications of polymers in technologies, such as optoelectronics, photovoltaic, coatings, composites, medicine, food and pharmacy and tissue engineering.
Bioplastics are those types of plastics where carbon is derived from renewable feed stocks. They may be biodegradable or may not be. Basically, Bio based plastics are consist of both fossil-fuel-based carbon and renewable.
The percentage of bio-based ingredients are used is over 70 now a days. Plastics materials are utilized overall today for huge number of utilizations. Most of these plastics are gotten from oil and are not biodegradable.
Polymers are a highly diverse class of materials which are available in all fields of engineering from avionics through biomedical applications, drug delivery system, bio-sensor devices, tissue engineering, cosmetics etc. and the improvement and usage of these depends on polymer applications and data obtained through rigorous testing.
The applications of polymeric materials and their composites are still increasing rapidly due to their below average cost and ease of manufacture. This in turn fuels further development in research.
The traditional polymer materials are available today, especially the plastics, which is the result for decades of evolution. Their production is extremely efficient in terms of utilization of raw materials and energy, as well as of waste release.
These products show an excellent property like impermeability to water and microorganisms, high mechanical strength, low density especially for transporting goods, and it is low-cost due to manufacturing scale and process optimization.
Polymers /plastics square measure made by with chemicals linking one or additional “link” chemicals to provide long chains of powerfully connected chemicals known as polymers. They are used for manufacturing consumer merchandise, like coatings, lubricants, goods, aerospace, building materials etc.
The selling strategy sets your selling goals, defines your target markets, and describes. However, you'll act positioning the business to realize advantage over your competitors. The selling combine, who follows from your selling strategy, is however you attain that 'unique commercialism proposition' and deliver advantages to your customers
· Polymer market segmented by application for the year 2019
· Trend, Profit, and Forecast Analysis
Polymer’s synthesis determines the molecular structure, and it will help us to avoid side reactions and achieve a worthy product. Polymerization polymers can be of many types. First one is the Chain growth polymerization and second is Step growth polymerization.
In chain growth, polymerization is activated by the activation of neighboring monomers of a monomer. High molecular weight polymers are obtained quickly with a rapid process of chain growth polymerization. On the other hand, in step growth polymerization, bi functional monomers are combined in a systematic approach to build covalent bonds. In this process molecular weight increases slowly and in step wise.
Futures of Biopolymers demand the manufacturer for brand spanking new materials is overwhelming. Applications by the utilization of latest materials ought to utilize the properties of these polymers, and additionally the product ought to be developed based on those properties
Synthetic polymers have since associate extend time compete a comparatively vital role in current medicative observations. Polymers occupy an outstanding role during this trendy living. From the toothbrush, lunchboxes, toys, pens etc., a lot of products are being used every day. It is fascinating when we understand the polymers and its utmost functionalities.
Perhaps areas of research advancing the frontiers of drug delivery. Polymers have contended Associate in Nursing integral role among the advancement of drug delivery technology by providing controlled unhitch of therapeutic agents in constant doses over long periods, cyclic quantity, and tunable unhitch of every hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs.
Throughout this review, we've got a bent to spotlight the essential drug delivery systems and their mathematical foundations and discuss the physiological barriers to drug delivery.
“Polymeric biomolecules” or the Biopolymers are polymers fictitious by living organisms. Polynucleotides, Nucleotides and Polypeptides are the 3 main categories of polymers those are known as long polymers.
The difference between biopolymer and synthetic polymer can be founded in Structure. compare to biopolymer synthetic polymer has much simplest structure.
All biopolymers are alike that all of them contain the similar sequences and numbers of monomers and so all have an equivalent mass.
• Applications of biopolymers
• Different classes of biopolymers
• Sources and preparation of biopolymers
• Different characterization techniques
• Frequently studied biopolymers
Polymer’s synthesis determines the molecular structure, and it will help us to avoid side reactions and achieve a worthy product. Polymerization polymers can be of many types.
First one is the Chain growth polymerization and second is Step growth polymerization. In chain growth, polymerization is activated by the activation of neighboring monomers of a monomer.
Polymer production desires manufacturing equipment’s that possess an outsized vary of flexibility operational. Reactors are required to be operated at varied temperatures that need a heat transfer fluid system around that's used for each heating and cooling.
This sort of warmth transfer system configuration works best once one fluid will be accustomed effectively transfer heat over the entire temperature vary mere.
Inside the Polymer composites, polymers are used as binders to carry the infused particles and fibers in situ.
Polymers are multifaceted materials. This feature of polymer facilitates the people to manipulate the properties and behavior of the polymers according to the requirement in the application area. This makes possible to provide a way to made polymer as a part in many trending inventions in medical, scientific, bio medical and electronics fields. In all such fields scientist have been combine the molecules of the polymers with other functional substances and produce a new featured polymer with desired features and properties.
Rheology laboratory testing of polymers to determine the rheological (flow) properties of materials, gels, and pastes, to optimize process and properties. Polymer physics testing is that the study of however the strain during a material or force applied is said to deformation and flow of the fabric.
Understanding the rheological properties of polymers through laboratory testing will help to optimize products and process conditions, thereby saving prices and minimizing potential waste.
Polymer drug conjugates play a crucial role in the delivery of drugs. In the polymeric drug conjugates, the bioactive agent is combined covalently with chemical the substance to realize the efficient delivery of bioactive agents with in the required or specific period beside the improvement of porosity and retention time.
Plastic packaging for food and non-food applications is non-biodegradable, and additionally uses up valuable and scarce non-renewable resources like fuel.
The study of chemical processes that occur within and relate to live beings is known as biochemistry or biological chemistry. Biochemistry is a branch of chemistry and biology that can be further broken down into the sciences of structural biology, enzymology, and metabolism. Biochemistry has improved in explaining life processes through these three disciplines over the past few decades of the 20th century. Biochemical methods and research are revealing and developing almost all aspects of the biological sciences. Understanding the chemical underpinnings that allow biological molecules to give rise to the processes that take place within living cells and between cells is the focus of biochemistry. This knowledge is crucial for understanding tissues and organs as well as the structure and function of organisms. The study of the molecular mechanisms underlying biological events is known as molecular biology, and it is closely related to the field of biochemistry.
Ceramics are inorganic and non-metallic materials that are necessary in our everyday lives. Ceramic and materials engineers design the processes by which these items are manufactured, develop new types of ceramic items, and discover new applications for ceramic products in day to day life.
Ceramics are often manufactured by moulding clay, earthy materials, powders, and water mixtures into desired shapes. After the ceramic has been moulded, it is burnt in a kiln, which is a high-temperature oven. Glazes include ornamental, waterproof, paint-like substances that are applied on ceramics.
The term "engineering materials" refers to a class of materials used in the construction of man-made structures and components. An engineering material's principal role is to endure applied loads without breaking or exhibiting excessive deflection. Metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites are the four major categories of engineering materials. A composite material is made up of two components that have distinct physical and chemical properties. When they are mixed, they form a material that is specialized to perform a specific task. Metals;
As defined by Environmental Laws, Environmental Materials are any substance, material, chemical, contaminant, waste, or pollutant that is defined, regulated, listed, or determined to be dangerous, toxic, hazardous, extremely hazardous, restricted, or otherwise harmful to environment or humans.
Local and renewable resources are referred to as green materials. Green materials also have low embodied energy in their harvesting, gathering, manufacturing, transportation, and use. A green material blends in best with ecosystem activities and contributes to the development of a service-based economy.
v Sustainable materials
v Renewable resource
v Natural green materials
v Artificial green materials
The word "plastic" comes from the Greek word "plastikos" which means "to mould." Plastics are a type of polymeric substance that can be moulded or formed, usually with the use of heat and pressure. Plasticity, which is frequently combined with other specific features like low density, low electrical conductivity, transparency, and toughness, allows plastics to be produced into a wide range of items.
Elastomers, also known as viscoelasticity polymers, are polymers that have both viscosity and elasticity. Elastomers are made up of molecules bound together by weak intermolecular interactions and have a low Young's modulus, high yield strength, and a high failure strain. They have the rare ability to revert to their former shape and size after being stretched to extremes.
v Chemical Resistance of Thermoplastics
v Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
v Permeability Properties
v Raw materials for plastics & elastomer
v Testing of plastics and elastomers
v The Effect of different factors on Plastics and Elastomer
A coating is a layer of material put onto a substrate to improve the surface qualities for corrosion and wear protection, according to surface engineering. Service environment, life expectancy, substrate material compatibility, component shape and size, and cost are all factors that influence coating selection. Coating techniques for depositing different types of material at thicknesses ranging from a few microns to several millimetres are available.
Surface engineering is a sub-discipline of materials science concerned with solid matter's surface. Chemistry, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering are among the fields where it can be used. Surface engineering is the process of changing the properties of a surface phase in order to slow down its degradation. This is achieved by making the surface resistant to the environment it will be employed in. It provides low-cost material that can be used to create a strong design.
· Surface Coating
· Recent advances in surface engineering and coating technologies
The force exerted by magnets when they attract or repel each other is known as magnetism. The movement of electric charges causes magnetism. Another strongly magnetic substance must enter the magnetic field of an existing magnet to get magnetised. The magnetic field is the magnetically charged area surrounding a magnet.
Materials that exhibit more than one of the primary ferroic properties in the same phase are known as multi-ferroics. Multi-ferroic materials serve an important role in the development of systems with high magneto-electric coupling, in which magnetization or polarisation can be manipulated by applying an electric or magnetic field, respectively.
· Ferroic materials
· Magneto-electric coupling
· Domains and Domain Walls
· Applications in different fields
Industrial resources (minerals) are geological materials extracted for their commercial worth, which are not fuel (fuel minerals or mineral fuels) or metal sources (metallic minerals), but are utilised in industries due to their physical and/or chemical qualities. They are utilised as raw materials or as additives in a wide range of applications, either in their native state or after beneficiation.
Metals, as well as their alloys with other metals, are widely used in our daily lives. Iron, copper, aluminium, silver, gold, and other metals are often used. Iron and steel production, as well as aluminium manufacturing, make up the primary metal industry. Over the last 30 years, this industry has reduced its energy use by 46%.
Industrial materials, as opposed to disposable “soft” goods such as chemicals, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and textiles, are utilised in the creation of “hard” goods, such as more or less durable machines and equipment created for industry and consumers.
- Industrial metals and their applications
- Energy reduction in metal industries
- Minerals as raw materials
Renewable resources can provide a steady supply of clean energy and energy sources which are never depleted and clean energy is produced by renewable resources, which means reduced pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, both of which contribute to climate change. Biomass energy (such as ethanol), geothermal power, hydropower, wind energy, and solar energy are examples of renewable resources.
Bio-resources used in the form of fresh and waste biomass is both an opportunity and a challenge for the future, as it provides the opportunity to replace fossil fuels in the manufacture of energy carriers, materials, and specialty chemicals while are also reducing market pressure in a carbon-neutral manner.
Fibbers are thread-like structures with thin, long, and flexible strands that can be broadly defined. Plants and animals are the two main sources of fibbers. The fibber manufacturing process, as well as the components and coating chemistries used in the process, determine the fibber qualities.
Fibber reinforcement is the primary source of structural characteristics in composite materials. The fibber in a composite, held in place by the matrix resin, gives tensile strength to the final product, improving performance attributes such as strength and stiffness while reducing weight.
- Fibber-reinforced composite
- Fibbers and Composites Manufacturing
- Natural Fibre Composites in Structural Components
- Fibber-Matrix Relationship for Composites Preparation
- Evaluation of Epoxy Composites
In materials science, characterization refers to the broad and generic process of probing and measuring a material's structure and properties. It is a crucial step in the field of materials science, without which no scientific understanding of engineering materials can be achieved. Application of homologous series of tracers to the development of new characterisation approaches and modelling of transport properties on plastic materials.
Some of the primary goals of materials research include modelling numerous phenomena observed in materials, predicting their behaviour under various conditions, and developing/designing cost-effective materials with enhanced or desired qualities.
Materials data science, as a definition of data science, is an interdisciplinary field of study that incorporates materials science, computer science, arithmetic, physics, and chemistry.
The Material Design technique makes it easier to create material experiences. It proposes four key action steps: (1) Understanding the Material: Technical and Experiential Characterization, (2) Creating Materials Experience Vision, (3) Manifesting Materials Experience Patterns, and (4) Designing Material/Product Concepts, which are provided in a sequential order.
- Material design protocol
- Data analysis in material science
- Advancements in this field
Track 34 : Geo-metallurgy, mineral processing, hydro-metallurgy, bio- metallurgy and pyro-metallurgy
The method of mixing geology or geo-statistics with metallurgy, or more precisely, extractive metallurgy, to build a spatially or geologically based prediction model for mineral processing plants is known as geo-metallurgy. It is utilised in the hard rock mining industry to control and mitigate risk during the design of mineral processing plants.
Mineral processing is the process of separating valuable minerals from waste rock, or gangue, in crude ores and mineral products. It is the initial process that most ores go through once they are mined in order to generate a more concentrated material for extractive metallurgy techniques.
Hydro-metallurgy is a technique for extracting metals from their ores in the area of extractive metallurgy. Hydro-metallurgy is the process of extracting metals from ores, concentrates, and recycled or residual materials using aqueous solutions. Pyro-metallurgy, vapour metallurgy, and molten salt electrometallurgy are processing processes that complement hydro-metallurgy.
Bio-metallurgy is a term that refers to biotechnological processes that involve microorganisms interacting with metals or metal-bearing materials. Bio-mining and bioremediation are the two most researched branches of the bio-metallurgical science, and they are used on a significant scale all over the world.
Pyro-metallurgy is an extractive metallurgy branch. Thermal treatment of minerals, metallurgical ores, and concentrates is used to cause physical and chemical changes in the materials, allowing valuable metals to be recovered.
- Metal ore extraction
- Interaction of microorganisms with metals